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How to Write a Research Summary

Research Summary is an academic writing assignment that requires students to assimilate, analyze, and critique a scientific study. Typically, it is no more than four paragraphs long and follows the introduction-body-conclusion structure.

This week you are to select one nursing NR 361 Milestone 1 from the PICOT questions in NR 505. Using the Research Summary Table Worksheet download in the Course Resource section, locate and evaluate ten (10) scholarly, peer-reviewed research articles/studies that support your selected nursing theory.


The first step in writing a research summary is to familiarize yourself with the topic and current knowledge. This may mean skimming the original research article and making notes of key definitions, concepts, models, etc. Then, you can start preparing the summary.

The Methods section of a research summary should explain how the study was conducted, including what methods were used. These may include surveys, interviews, questionnaires, observation and archival research. The Methods section should also discuss how the data were NR 451 Week 3 Healthcare Policy and any limitations of the study.

In the Discussion section, a research summary explains how the findings of the research can be applied to current knowledge and investigations among experts. This section can also explore broader issues, interpret results and make suggestions for future research.

Model Case

The method section of a research summary includes details on the methods used in conducting a study. This may include surveys, interviews, questionnaires, observation and archival research. The method section should also explain why the particular methods were chosen. It should also describe how the data was collected and analyzed.

The model case is a hypothetical individual who demonstrates all of the attributes, antecedents and consequences identified in the selected nursing concept. It is then NR 500 Week 5 Area of Interest PowerPoint Presentation with support from the appropriate nursing theory. The model case must be accompanied by two alternative cases.

The discussion section of a research summary includes a review of how the findings from the study fit into current knowledge and make connections with other studies. It also identifies weaknesses and strengths of the study, makes suggestions for further exploration and highlights areas for future research.

Borderline Case

Becky has been diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Her symptoms include a lack of empathy, unstable relationships, emotional lability, self-defeating behaviors, anger outbursts and frantic efforts to avoid perceived abandonment.

She has a history of chaotic relationships, fighting with family members & friends & impulsive behavior such as cutting herself or drinking alcohol. She has also been prone to splitting episodes & suicidal thoughts.

A model case is a hypothetical individual who NR 501 Theoretical Framework to Support Evidence based Practice all of the attributes, antecedents, consequences and referents identified in nursing theory. A contrary case is a created case that shows the absence of one or two of the previously identified attributes. Application of concept analysis findings to advanced nursing practice is the last step in the process. The case report should reflect this.

Contrary Case

The final step in the concept analysis process is to present a borderline and contrary case. Borderline cases contain most of the defining attributes but do not include all of them and contrary cases are clear examples of what the concept is not. These cases help to clarify the meaning of the concept.

A patient named Anne is undergoing chemotherapy for cancer. She is having a difficult time coping with her illness and believes that she should be able to live a normal life. She is also frustrated that she cannot create a balanced life due to her illness. This case demonstrates some NR 500 Week 2 Artistic Expression Caring Concept of cultural humility but it does not demonstrate all of the attributes. The patient has to make a decision that is best for her and her family.


A research summary should include a discussion section, which provides interpretations of the results in the context of existing knowledge. This includes discussion of strengths and weaknesses of the study and possible complementary further explorations to be undertaken. The conclusion also reaffirms or denies the hypotheses made in the body of the research summary, and may offer suggestions for future study, calls to action or further clarification of findings.

This is the most important part of a research summary. It should contain all the relevant information about participants and results, including statistical data. It should not be biased and only mention findings that are directly related to the research problem at hand. Tangential findings should be mentioned only in the “Discussion” section of the research summary.

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